The fundamental options (means to an end) to consider in every human conflict:
- Changing minds (possibly even your own mind)
- Use of Force
Obviously, where reasonable, the first three options should be used instead of the latter two. And I’d include a wide range of things (perhaps even verbal abuse, certainly verbal harassment) in the category of “use of force” even if it is intended to change minds. Some people even physically strike someone over the head and shout “think”, and that could be an attempt to change minds too, but certainly involves physical force. See also: Conflict Escalation, and De-Escalation.
On the topic of changing minds, it would be nice if we could spread values that made people tend towards correction. Such as:
- strong curiosity and good epistemology
- valuing learning more than being right all along (this will even make you have less fear of admitting error):
- recognizing that learning happens all our lives, so we might be able to improve past what we currently think. If so, wouldn’t you want to? The advantages to your own future are clear.
- Here’s some tips from Julia Galef: How to want to change your mind.
(and I think these could be used for conflict prevention, too)